In addition to Jerusalem, severely impacted areas include the so-called Area “C”, which covers most of the Jordan Valley and the smaller rural centers of the West Bank. This area constitutes approximately 60 percent of the West Bank, home to approximately 150,000 Palestinians, including 27,500 Bedouins and other herders. These areas are under total Israeli control, which severely limits development possibilities. In addition, existing housing and infrastructure in this area are subject to demolition and confiscation.
Communities in the area called “C” suffer from lack of basic services, restrictions on movement and access of people, land confiscations, and total Israeli control over natural and water resources.
Marginalized communities are those communities in the West Bank and Gaza that suffer the most from poverty and underdeveloped services. In addition to communities in the area called “C”, marginalized communities include refugee camps and much of Gaza.
In response to the lack of basic service provision in marginalized and severely impacted areas, FFP developed a program that aims to support the provision of key services. This includes the provision of transport and infrastructure services including, water and electricity, in addition to health services and community facilities.
Strategic Objective of the Program
The strategic objective of this program is to strengthen the resilience and steadfastness of Palestinians in their homeland.
The specific objective of this program is to provide and improve basic services in these communities.
The strategic interventions developed by FFP to achieve the specific objective of its program in marginalized and severely impacted areas are as follows:
i. Provide and improve basic infrastructure services:
This program is focused on transport and physical infrastructure services. It includes the following interventions:
I. Provide access to electricity: This includes connecting communities, especially, in the area called “C”, to the electricity grid. In locations distant from the grid, and where such connections cannot be made, FFP will invest in solar power to provide electricity in these areas.
II. Provide access to water: In communities where water networks cannot be built, water tank trucks will be provided to support these communities in having access to water. In other locations, where water network exists or could be developed, FFP will invest in rehabilitating or expanding these water networks to improve access and reduce water loss.
III. Improve access to transport: Interventions under this component of the program include provisions for rehabilitating or building access roadways to underserved communities. In addition, FFP will invest in providing vehicles, including school buses and emergency medical vehicles, to communities that lack such vehicles, and where students have to walk long distances to reach schools, or where peoples’ lives are endangered because they cannot have timely access to medical facilities due to lack of a means of transport.
ii. Provide and improve basic social services
While issues related to education will be addressed under the education program, this program will focus on key services, including healthcare and community facilities. The following is a summary of these components:
I. Improve quality of healthcare facilities and access: This component of the program is intended to rehabilitate and equip small healthcare centers in rural and marginalized areas. In addition, it will support health outreach programs to these communities.
II. Improve quality of community facilities: FFP intends to invest in the rehabilitation or construction of community facilities, including buildings and parks, to provide venues in these communities to cater to their social and recreational needs.
III. Improve housing quality to the marginalized through rehabilitating and expanding homes of the needy.
Beneficiaries and Costs
The three-year estimated cost of the basic physical infrastructure service program is $12 million. It will provide 15 communities with access to electricity, including 10 communities with solar power. In addition, it will provide five communities with water tank trucks, and it intends to rehabilitate or develop 20 km of water networks. Finally, this component of the program will provide up to 20 vehicles, including school buses and emergency medical vehicles to support up to 20 communities, and it will build or rehabilitate up to 10 km of minor access roadways.
The basic social services component of the program is estimated to cost $ 10 million. It involves rehabilitating or equipping five healthcare facilities and supporting 10 outreach healthcare programs in marginalized and severely impacted communities. In also includes provisions for developing or rehabilitating up to 20 community facilities.
Additionally, the program includes provision for housing quality improvement for the marginalized. The program is intended to rehabilitate or expand existing homes for poor families. The cost of the housing program is estimated at $ 5 million targeting up to 600 homes throughout Gaza and the West Bank, including Jerusalem.